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Tag Archive : Domain name

DNS resolution: What happens when you access a website?

Thanks to DNS resolution, we don’t even think about what is happening when we click to visit a particular website. It is actually a complete process running behind the scene. It truly happens so fast, and because of it, we are not required to remember and type the difficult IP addresses. Instead, we memorize just the simple domain names, and we can easily connect to our favorite website. So, let’s explain a little bit more about this interesting process!

What does DNS resolution mean?

DNS resolution is a process that is triggered every time you want to connect to a website. After you type the domain name into your browser, it should be translated into machine understandable language. They communicate through numbers. For that reason, each domain name has to be translated into its corresponding IP address. 

In some cases, a domain could have only one IP address, but it could have several IP addresses in other cases. For instance, one of them could be IPv4 and the other one IPv6. The DNS resolution will request both of them. Yet, it is enough for the user to get just one of these addresses, and it will be able to reach the particular website.

Why do we need it?

The process of quick and easy translation becomes necessary long ago. Before the creation of DNS, each IP address was stored in a Host file, which was manually updated. Yet eventually, the devices that wanted to connect to the Internet increased into a higher number that it was not practical anymore to store the addresses that way.

So, the Domain Name System was developed, including the DNS resolution process. Thanks to it, the Internet nowadays is simple and easy to use. We are not required to remember the IP addresses but only the domain names. 

What is the process behind the DNS resolution?

There are several steps in which the DNS resolution is completed. It is initiated when a user desires to connect to a website, a domain name for the first time.

  1. You write a domain name inside the browser. That is how the DNS query is made. After that starts a process for searching the analogous IP address – DNS lookup.
  2. The DNS recursive server receives the query, and it checks if the IP address is still available in its cache memory. If it is the first time requesting that specific domain, the answer won’t be there. So, the DNS recursive server is going to look for the address in the rest of the servers – Root, TLD, and finally, the authoritative DNS server.
  3. The Root server is on the top of the DNS hierarchy, which is the first stop of the lookup. It gives information and directs to the responsible Top Level Domain (TLD) server, for instance, .com, .info, etc. 
  4. The TLD server is going to provide information about which is the responsible nameserver for that specific domain name.
  5. Next, the DNS recursive server can ask the authoritative DNS server for the IP address of the domain.
  6. After receiving the answer, the Recursive DNS server can return to your browser with the needed data to access the website. Moreover, it will keep the IP address in its cache memory if you want to explore the site later.
  7. Finally, the browser loads the website you have typed.

So, now you know what process stands behind the DNS resolution. An how fast it actually happens! 

​How to start a website: 5-step guide

This article is for all of you that have a business running or have an idea and plan for their business. It will focus on the main decisions and steps of the process of how to start a new website. 

​1. Define your website budget

Creating a website is a process like any other project in your organization. The first step of starting a website is planning. Think about the purpose of your site and all the features it needs. Define how much money you are willing to spend on it. There are plenty of options, and many could be overkill for your needs. Think well and define your budget that involves money for software (CMS, themes, plugins, etc.) for freelancers or agency (design, programming, content, etc.), services (hosting, DNS, domain name, etc.), marketing (advertising, off-site SEO, promotions, etc.). 

​2. Choose your platform

Currently, if you want to start a website, your best choice is to use a Content Management System (CMS). It is software that includes almost everything that you need to start a website. It will be the framework for it, and you can expand its features with plugins and addons. The most popular one is WordPress, but there are many more like Joomla, Magento, WooCommerce, Wix, Shopify, and more. The decision will be taken based on your needs (what kind of site it will be), budget (some are free, others cost), and how popular it is in your country (you need specialists to work on it and with it). Migrating from one platform to another is possible but not easy so better choose wisely. 

​3. Get services

Another step in starting a website is paying services like:

​Domain name. 

It is a must-have. It is the name of your business online. You should search for a domain name that is easy to remember and, if possible, to match your existing brand. Another thing to consider is the price per year and price for renewal of the domain that might differ for the various top-level domains (TLDs). 

​Hosting. 

The hosting should preferably be located near your target audience. Think about from where the people will visit you and choose there. Based on your budget, needs, and the type of site you need, you can choose a basic shared hosting, a more advanced virtual private server (VPS), or even a dedicated server. Choosing a company that has more plans and options could help you in the future. 

​Additional services.

You could get additional services like DNS plan, DDoS protection, Content Delivery Network (CDN), Backup services, and more. Most of them add value to your company, but please be careful because the bill can get larger quickly. 

​4. Create the content

Having an empty canvas does not mean having a website. Now you need to fill it with original content, attractive images, and videos. If your company has the resource, you could do it alone, but you can also choose to hire a marketing agency or freelancers for the task. What you need is original content that you have the right to use, and it is well-written. Having excellent content written according to the latest SEO trends will help you rank better on the search engines.

​5. Advertise it.

Now that you have everything up and running, your last step in starting a website is to show it to the world. Think about an SEO strategy that will put your site on the “organic” results of the search engines and an SEM strategy for the paid section. You need to think about each section of the marketing funnel and create specific actions for them. Bring not only more people but the right people too!